Introduction
Istituto IMEM-CNR

The Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism (IMEM) is part of the National Research Council (CNR). This Institute has been active since 2001 and was born from the fusion of different realities, the most significant of which was MASPEC, Special Materials Institute for Electronics and Magnetism. The Institute has its headquarters in Parma, and two secondary offices, one in Genoa, at the University's Physics Department, and one in Trento, at the Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK). A Unit is also active at the ChiLab of the Polytechnic of Turin.
IMEM is part of the Department of Engineering, ICT and Technologies for Energy and Transport (DIITET) of CNR.

IMEM traditionally carries out research in the field of materials science and in particular:
materials for electronics, mainly oxides and semiconductors, on various dimensional scales, from massive crystals, to thin films, and nano structures;
magnetic and multiferroic materials such as "rare-earth free" magnetic materials and nanostructures, films and nano structures based on Heusler alloys, multiferroic materials obtained at very high pressure, nano magnetic and magnetoplasmonic structures;
quantum materials, including 2D materials and quantum dots of semiconductors;
organic and hybrid materials, organic compound films, organometallic perovskite films, development of organic electrochemical transistors (OECT) on conventional substrates or on textiles;
functionalization and study of surfaces, functionalization and in situ characterization of 2D materials and nanostructures.

IMEM's approach to the study of the aforementioned problems includes the phases of:
preparation of materials also with complex synthesis and growth techniques (CVD, ALD, MBE, SuMBE, PED, Bridgman)
characterization of materials, especially in particular areas, such as in the case of electron microscopy, surface techniques, magnetic measurements
realization of devices and prototypes by photolithographic and nanotechnology techniques.

From the point of view of the application fields, the focus is on the realization of materials and devices:
• for sensors (gas sensors, sensors operating in liquid phase, X-ray and gamma detectors, magnetic and current field sensors);
• for energy (thin-film photovoltaic and flexible media, energy harvesting from vibrations and thermal gradients);
• for bioelectronics and nanomedicine (development of neuromorphic systems, biosensors, multifunctional nanosystems).
The level of development reaches in some cases TRL 5-6.